▪ The name ruby comes from the latin word ruber, which means ‘‘red.” Ruby is usually more pink than garnet.
▪ Ruby is considered one of the four precious stones, together with sapphire, emerald and diamond.
▪ Ruby is the birthstone for July and the gem for the 15th and 40th anniversaries.
▪ The quality of a ruby is determined by its color, cut and clarity, which, along with carat weight, affect its value.
▪ Fine gems are pure, vibrant red to slightly purplish red.
▪ If a ruby’s inclusions affect its transparency or brilliance they reduce the gem’s value significantly.
▪ Rubies can command the highest per-carat price of any colored stone. This makes ruby one of the most important gems in the colored stone market.